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Anglo-Saxon

This period shows a gradual deterioration in money supply with the departure of the Romans. Merovingian Frankish coinage, Byzantine, obsolete Roman and pure Saxon coinage were all copied. The first English pennies known today as sceats or sceattas (pronounced 'skeets' or 'shatters') were produced around 600AD and gradually morphed, with continental influence, to named pieces exhibited by leaders during the pre-Viking period of Northumbria and the Archbishops of York, around 700AD. The copper styca gradually emerged around the 9th century.

 

The influences of the Frankish coinage with a full, round flan was introduced to England probably by Offa, and the Kings of Kent, Mercia, Wessex and East Anglia produced their own pennies in silver at this time; then added to by the Vikings around 900. 

 

During the 2nd century the coinage was unified during the reign of first 'King of All England', Eadgar. There was also a portrait on the flan for the first time. Production of coinage then simply changed with each reign until the Norman Conquest during 1066. Later coins from this period my be found on the medieval page.

 

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