History Coins
History Coins

Other Roman (including Provincial )

Roman Provincial, Gallienus AE22 of Alexandreia, Troas 253-268AD

 

Ob: Laureate and draped bust right, IMP LICIN GALLIENV

Rev: She-wolf standing right, suckling Romulus and Remus, COL AVG-TRO

SNG Cop 200-201, BMC 184

Fine/Very fine. Nick at 4 o'clock. Rare coin.

 

£70

Philip I, Billon tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. AD 244-249. 
Obverse: AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right

Reverse:  DHMARX EXOYCIAC YPATO D, eagle standing right, wings spread, head right, tail left, wreath in its beak. ANTIOXIA SC below.
Ref: S3958
27mm, 13.3g, VF

 

£60

Faustina II, Bronze AE22,  Pautalia, Thrace 
Obverse: ΦAYCTEINA CEBACTH, bust of Faustina II, right 

Reverse: OYΛΠIAC ΠAYTAΛIAC, Demeter or Hera standing l., holding bowl and sceptre.       
6.59g, 22mm, Slight pitting but otherwise VF   
Ref: Varbanov 4469

 

 

£45


Faustina Junior, AE Sestertius, 147-175AD, Rome, Struck circa 161-164AD, Wife of Marcus Aurelius

Obverse: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, wearing two strings of pearls in hair; bun adorned with pearls


Reverse: HILARITAS, Hilaritas standing left, holding palm branch and cornucopia. 

Ref: S5275

29mm,30.19g, Fine

 

£55   SOLD

Provincial -Thyateira, Lydia, AE22, Pseudo-autonomous Coinage, 98-138 AD
Obverse: IEΡA CYNKΛHTOC, bust of Senate right  


Reverse: ΘYATEIΡHNΩN, Demeter standing left, holding corn-ear and poppy in right hand and long torch in left.

Ref: BMC 16, RPC III 1835-8.

22mm, 4.98g, VF

SALE

Was £60 now £50

Roman Provincial AE Coin of Gaius Caesar from Phrygia, Laodicea, c5BC

 

This little, almost insignificant coin, has caused quite a stir in the last few years. Its correct identification has been argued by experts and enthusiasts alike and others like it have been designated variously at many an auction as Augustus, Caligular, Julius Caesar and Gaius Caesar, but I think its true identity has now been determined, mostly by a process of elimination!

 

So we have: Phrygia, Laodicea, Gaius Caesar, AE15, obverse: bare head of Gaius right, legend ΓΑΙΟΣ ΚΑΙΣΑΡ either side, on the reverse: ΛΑΟΔΙΚΕΩΝ eagle standing, head left, between two monograms which expand to ΠOΛE and ΦIΛOΠAT, Anto Polemon Philopatris, magistrate, 2.15g.

 

Apart from causing an identity crisis in the numismatic world, it is what this coin represents that captures my imagination. Gaius Caesar, born 20BC, was adopted by Augustus in 17BC, along with his younger brother Lucius Caesar. Having no children of his own Augustus made them his heirs. Unfortunately for Lucius, he died in 2AD, fortunate for Gaius you might say, but not so; he died two years later at the age of 24 in Lycia from wounds sustained during a campaign.

 

This left Augustus with no heir again and lead him to adopt Gaiuse's other brother Agrippa Postumus and his step-son, Tiberius. Hovering in the background of all this deceit and intrigue was Livia. It is more than likely that she had a hand in Gaius' demise, she had already divorced her husband to marry Augustus to put her son in the right place at the right time. Agrippa Postumus was sent into exile on the island Planasia and in 14AD orders were given by either Tiberius or Livia (most likely Livia in Tiberius' name) for his execution shortly after the death of Augustus. This made Tiberius the sole heir and the rest is history as they say.

 

The portrait on the coin of Gauis makes it a rare and an early one, no wonder that it was confused with Augustus and Julius Caesar who's portraits are very similar. It could be a portrait of Augustus and the coin produced in the name of Gaius, but it is unlikely. More likely the other way round. He was made consul designatus and princeps iuventutis around 6BC and this coin may have been produced to honour him, but I am only postulating here. The legend of Gaius Caesar would indicate it is Gauis, or, if Augustus, for Gaius in the reign of Augustus. Julius Caesar was his Grandfather through adoption, so it very unlikely to be him and Caligular wasn't really in the picture until some years after.

 

A slightly better quality coin sold for $600 ten years ago. I am not asking that! The coin has a few scrapes on it but otherwise it's a lovely coin. To purchase this great piece of history use the PayPal link below (P&P FREE):

 The reverse of the Gaius coin.

 

 

 

 

  £200 (P&P FREE)

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