History Coins
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Viking

The Viking Invasion of Britain

Svend Estridsen

He was born in England 1019, his father was Ulf Thorgilsson and his mother was Estrid Svendsdatter (daughter of Sweyn Forkbeard and sister of Harald II of Denmark and Cnut). Estridsen was king of Denmark from 1047 to 1076.

Svend Estridsen, 1047-75, Silver Penny, Lund Mint, Svartbrand Moneyer

Obverse: Christ, nimbate, standing facing, raising hand in benediction and holding Gospels; straight lines in nimbate; annulated pellet in right field, +MAGNAS REX

 

Note: This coin has obvious Byzantine influences. A vast amount of treasure was known to have come from this region and the early development of their coinage reflects this along with that of the British coinage.

Reverse:  +SPARTBARND :N LVII, cross formed of diamonds, trefoils at limb ends, pellet in the centre

Grade: VF+/VF, two flan cracks and pack marks but dark patina, lovely coin for the type

17mm, 0.94g

Ref: Hauberg 28 var

Prov: Ex Alfa Numismatics, Denmark

£370 (+P&P for UK only, other locations please ask)

Svend Estridsen (Estridson) Silver Penny, Roskilde Mint, 1047-76

 

 

Obverse: Four arches with banded ends forming a cross with another central cross, central annulet containing pellet, cross has three pellets at ends. Legend in the form of simple lettering, possibly runic ,which reads +III, IIC, HC, INC

 

Reverse: Two rows of I separated by lines, central annulet, cross above and below, crescent and pellet in each quarter

17mm, 1.03g

Grade: AEF, well centred, dark tone, superb example

Ref: Hbg 36

 

£800 (P&P FREE to UK, other locations please ask) #433

Hardeknud (Harthacnut), Silver Penny, Lund Mint, Denmark, 1035-42

 

 

 

Obverse: Bare headed, draped bust to left with shield on left shoulder, +HARECNV

Reverse: Voided long cross, legend around indicating Lund mint

Ref: Hauberg 28

0.77g, 17mm

Grade: VF/AVF

Prov: Ex Bruun Rasmussen, previuosly owned by Danish painter and numismatist Poul Hjelmer in 40's.

£850 SOLD

Viking Kings of England, Cnut, Silver Penny, Pointed Helmet Type, London, 1023-1029

 

 

 

Obverse: +CNVT RECX A:, bust facing left wearing pointed helmet and holding sceptre in front

Reverse: Small voided cross, limbs united at base by two circles; in centre a pellet, in each angle an broken annulet enclosing a pellet, legend +LEOFPOLD ON LVN (Leofwold moneyer at London)

18mm, 0.99g

Grade: Extremely fine/very fine+, old ticket

Ref: S1158, N787

 

£385 SOLD  #127

Viking York

 

When the Vikings came to York they changed the Anglo-Saxon name Eoforwic to 'Jorvik' and during their hundred year stay, they turned it into a thriving trading post. Ivar the Boneless took York in 866. In 954 the last Viking king, Eric Bloodaxe, was expelled from York and it was re-absorbed into Anglo-Saxon England. The coinage varied widely with influences from the Christian church as well as the English kings and Scandinavian imagery.

Southern Danelaw, Two Line Penny Fragment

 

 

 

 

Obverse: [--] FR ED RE, small cross pattee

Reverse: LVCH ANDIF in two line (partly retrograde)

0.97g, 20mm

Ref:S 966, N475/1, moneyer uncertain

Grade: A large fragment, broken and repaired.

Prov: Ex DNW

 

 

£660 (P&P FREE to UK, other locations please ask)

Viking artefacts for sale on partner site at the Hoard (their terms) Examples of Viking artefacts for sale on partner site at the Hoard (their terms). Image Copyright 'The Hoard' 2022

Raids on British soil began in the late 8th century, the first monastery to be invaded was in 793 on Lindisfarne. The men from the North were primarily interested in gold and other precious objects;  there was no point attacking ordinary folk, they had little to offer, for the moment. This changed later, as slaves and land became their intent. Skirmishes continued until 1013, then Sweyn Forkbeard returned to invade England in earnest, with a large army. Aethelred, the king at the time, fearing for his life, he fled to France and Forkbeard took the throne of England. The last raid took place in 1066.  

Viking, was never a term the Norsemen called themselves, it was Old Norse meaning 'adventure and trade.' It was first used in the English vocabulary in the 18th century and just meant 'a Scandinavian'.

 

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